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The debt had been increasing during a decade long recession.This was the second major financial crisis to affect the island after the Great Depression when the U. government, in 1935, provided relief efforts through the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration. Eventually traders and other maritime visitors came to refer to the entire island as Puerto Rico, while San Juan became the name used for the main trading/shipping port and the capital city.An archipelago among the Greater Antilles, Puerto Rico includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller ones, such as Mona, Culebra, and Vieques. Its official languages are Spanish and English, though Spanish predominates.The island's population is approximately 3.4 million.At the recommendation of the Department of Justice, an option for the "current territorial status" was added.The referendum showed an overwhelming support for statehood, with 97.18% voting for it, although the voter turnout had a historically low figure of only 22.99% of the registered voters casting their ballots.The first known settlers were the Ortoiroid people, an Archaic Period culture of Amerindian hunters and fishermen who migrated from the South American mainland.
Columbus named the island San Juan Bautista, in honor of St John the Baptist.As it is not a state, Puerto Rico does not have a vote in the United States Congress, which governs the territory with full jurisdiction under the Puerto Rico Federal Relations Act of 1950. territory, American citizens residing in Puerto Rico are disenfranchised at the national level and do not vote for president and vice president of the United States, and do not pay federal income tax on Puerto Rican income. Congress approved a local constitution in 1952, allowing U. A second question asking about a new model, had full statehood the preferred option among those who voted for a change of status, although a significant number of people did not answer the second question of the referendum.However, Puerto Rico does have one non-voting member of the House called a Resident Commissioner. Like other territories and the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico does not have U. Another fifth referendum was held on June 11, 2017, with "Statehood" and "Independence/Free Association" initially as the only available choices.In the Spanish Empire, Puerto Rico played a secondary, but strategic role when compared to wealthier colonies like Peru and the mainland parts of New Spain.Spain's distant administrative control continued up to the end of the 19th century, helping to produce a distinctive creole Hispanic culture and language that combined elements from the Native Americans, Africans, and Iberians. A 2012 referendum showed a majority (54% of those who voted) disagreed with "the present form of territorial status".
He later served as the first governor of the island.